Monday, 10 December 2012

Employment in the Information Age

Employment- Companies and ICT:
In today’s society most people can use computers and keyboards. Although this may not be completely correct, most people have been taught through schools and not by keyboard lessons. Companies therefore do not have to teach and train their staff to use i.c.t and should be using it as much as possible in business. This can be for immediate reasons such as:
·         Sat Nav-to make sure punctuality is always able to function, traffic and best routes are used to get to work and to business meetings etc.
·         Bluetooth-to call people whilst driving
·         Laptop- net book (light)
-          To manage admin
-          Sales catalogue on laptop, to show client
-          Use email
·         Smart Phones
-          To diary appointments  
-          Be used as a calculator
-          General use for organisation
-          Internet search

Advantages of Employment in the Information Age

Having computing within Employment has many benefits and these are:
·         Tasks and other processes are dealt with quicker as computers can work a lot faster than man can. For example in a shop, tills make transactions and calculations be worked out a lot quicker.
·         Computers are more efficient at working out calculations and making sure tasks are done to a certain standard
·         In the long run Computing in employment works out cheaper as less human employment is needed and expense is not spent on paying a wage to employee’s.
·         Computer websites such as Social Network Sites are extremely good for advertising businesses, products and companies.
·         Larger machines in industry can mean a lot of money is made by companies because products can be cheaply produced.
Disadvantages of Employment in the Information Age

Computers in Employment can be detrimental because:
·         There are fewer jobs for people and households are becoming in debt because they have no stable income.
·         The initial set up costs of computing can be expensive and not worthwhile
·         Computers do not have common sense and cannot do decision making in certain situations
·         By having a lot of computers in employment means there is less human contact and this isn’t necessarily a good thing
·         Power cuts and other electrical problems mean a whole system and business can come to a halt.
Overall computers in employment can be both helpful and detrimental to a business/company as there is a relatively equal amount of positives to negatives

What does online employment do?
I.C.T and computing provides more jobs for the recession Britain has and this means the jobless community is slightly slimmer. These jobs can be i.c.t technicians, self-employment from home and receptionist for all kinds of companies. An example of being self-employed from home could be running a transactional website, or even buying and selling products through websites such as 'EBay'. EBay is a growing website that makes money through advertisement and by charging for use such as uploading multiple pictures etc. So as well as being a centre for people to run home businesses, EBay earn themselves a large sum of money too. The internet also creates the opportunity for profit making businesses to be created. These include websites such as Google which is on a positive 16% on its profit today, although this can fluctuate from day to day, depending on the advertising on certain days and the amount of times the website is used.

The online employment industry

The Online employment industry can help people find jobs on websites such as and is widely encouraged to be used to save time and make jobs and tasks easy to handle. As in environments such as supermarkets computer systems are used to check stock and order more when a certain product is low. This is expensive to set up but in the long run far more beneficial, time saving and worthwhile from a perspective of not having to employ a member of staff to do these themselves. Computer systems that deal with stock and shop produce can also save time by calculating prices, meaning employees with high mental arithmetic are not vitally necessary. In supermarkets such as Sainsbury’s a small hand held computer device can be picked up upon entering the shop. This is so that the shopper can scan the products they want to buy whilst browsing and eliminate the time used for scanning products at a till; I have experienced this before and it is good for time saving but can lead to people stealing easier.
At higher level business, computers and software such as 'Microsoft Word' are used to deal and store documents without having to have a large amount of paper information storage. These types of program all come with extra support and can therefore be used by those with just basic computer knowledge.

Employment in industry

In industry computing can be used to program machines to make products without human assistance and this means it is cheaper to the make the product as less waste and less time is used for this procedure to occur, leaving a good quality product. This is called CNC (computing numerical control) which is the method of controlling machines by the application of digital electronic computers and circuitry. CNC offers flexible and versatile control over machines, with cut depths and measurements being 'dialled in' rather than by control, cams and gears. CNC is used in most industries such as textiles as it can deal with complex geometries. Furthermore, with machines like CNC there is no need for human employment, apart from setting up the machines to function. CIM is also another form of computing in industry and business. It is a process to control the whole entire production and allows individual processes to exchange information with each other, meaning by integration of computers, manufacturing is less likely to be accident prone and be more efficient. It relies on close loop control processes and real-time input sensors and similarly to CNC prevents mistakes and means less human employment is needed and the company save more money.

Google AdSense
What is Google AdSense?
Google AdSense is an application provided by Google so that website owners can enrol it onto their site to allow picture, video and text advertisements. AdSense is used by many website owners and it is in fact the most popular website advertisement application available.
There are many types of AdSense and these are:
·         AdSense for feeds– Which work by inserting images into a feed and run on feeds like RSS and Atom. These have over 100 subscribers and Google then writes the advertising content into the picture. If a user was to click the image they would be redirected to the advertiser’s website.
·         AdSense for search– Allows website owners to have Google search boxes on their websites.
·         AdSense for mobile content– Generates earning from their mobile website using Google advertisements.
·         AdSense for domains– Allows adverts to be placed on domain names that have not yet been published. At the moment AdSense for domains is only available for some users, it is planned to be available for all.
·         AdSense for videos– Publishers with video content can generate revenue using Ad placements from Google. This includes ‘YouTube’.

Digital Revolution
The Digital Revolution, also sometimes called the third industrial revolution, is the change from analog mechanical and electronic technology to digital technology that has taken place since about 1980 and continues to the present day. Implicitly, the term also refers to the sweeping changes brought about by digital computing and communication technology during the latter half of the 20th century. Analogous to the Agricultural Revolution and Industrial Revolution, the Digital Revolution marked the beginning of the Information Age. Central to this revolution is the mass production and widespread use of digital logic circuits, and its derived technologies, including the computer, digital cellular phone, and fax machine.

Rise in digital tech use, 1990–2010


  • Cell phone subscribers: 12.4 million (0.25% of world population in 1990)
  • Internet users: 2.8 million (0.05% of world population in 1990)


  • Cell phone subscribers: 1,174 million (19% of world population in 2002)
  • Internet users: 631 million (11% of world population in 2002)


  • Cell phone subscribers: 4,000 million (67% of world population in 2010)
  • Internet users: 1,800 million (26.6% of world population in 2010)

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